There are approximately 200 million people of African descent in the Americas, yet, despite comprising one third of the region’s population, Afro-descendants are one of the most vulnerable minority groups in the hemisphere.
It should be noted that in the Declaration of Santiago and the Declaration of Durban, the American states recognized that people of African descent have to confront obstacles as a result of the social discrimination and prejudice that prevail in public and private institutions and also recognized that this is due to centuries of racism, racial discrimination and enslavement and of the denial by history of many of their rights This situation also results in a lack of recognition for the contribution of this group to the cultural heritage of the Americas.
The Latin America and Caribbean region is characterized by significant racial and ethnic diversity. However, Afro-descendants and indigenous populations experience disproportionate levels of poverty, discrimination, human rights abuses, social exclusion, poor political representation, and other barriers that hinder their development and capacity to compete on equal footing with the rest of the population in the region.
Income Generation and Employment
Latin America and the Caribbean, which is a result of limited access to the formal labor market, often due to lack of education and discrimination, and barriers in access to financial resources and entrepreneurship development. This is often made worse by unfavorable economic conditions in many areas with predominantly Afro-descendant and indigenous populations, which face stagnant market conditions and limited formal employment opportunities.