What is it and how can it help me?
Six Thinking Hats® is a simple yet powerful tool created by Edward De Bono based on a principle of parallel thinking: everyone thinking in the same direction, from the same perspective, at the same time. It helps people step outside the confines of fixed positions and one way of thinking. Western thinking style is based on adversarial debate: people thinking and interacting from differing perspectives and positions. This tool enables us to look at things in a collaborative way, beyond our normal perspective to see new opportunities.
When does it work best?
To achieve the service improvements, you will have to change the way you do things. This means thinking up and considering new ideas. If you evaluate the change from a number of perspectives, you and your team will have a more rounded outlook on the ideas. This tool helps you do this.
For example, how often does your team think of a new way of doing things only to meet an obstacle put forward by other members of the team? (black hat thinking). By using this tool to take a balanced perspective, you and your team can see the ideas from a balanced viewpoint, moving the best, most viable ideas forward.
How to use it >>read more
YOUR SUCCESS IN BUSINESS DEPENDS ON HOW WELL YOU THINK
Six Thinking Hats can help you think better-with its practical and uniquely positive approach to making decisions and exploring new ideas. It is an approach that thousands of business managers, educators, and government leaders around the world have already adopted with great success.
"The main difficulty of thinking is confusion," writes Edward de Bono, long recognized as the foremost international authority on conceptual thinking and on the teaching of thinking as a skill.
"We try to do too much at once. Emotions, information, logic, hope, and creativity all crowd in on us. It is like juggling with too many balls." The solution? De Bono unscrambles the thinking process with his "six thinking hats":
WHITE HAT: neutral and objective, concerned with facts and figures
* RED HAT: the emotional view
* BLACK HAT: careful and cautious, the "devil's advocate" hat
* YELLOW HAT: sunny and positive
* GREEN HAT: associated with fertile growth, creativity, and new ideas
* BLUE HAT: cool, the color of the sky, above everything else-the organizing hat
Through case studies and real-life examples, Dr. de Bono reveals the often surprising ways in which deliberate role playing can make you a better thinker. He offers a powerfully simple tool that you-and your business, whether it's a start-up or a major corporation-can use to create a climate of clearer thinking, improved communication, and greater creativity. His book is an instructive and inspiring text for anyone who makes decisions, in business or in life.
The 15 Types of Communities That Make Up America
One of the most comprehensive takes dives deeper than the state level: Dante Chinni, the journalist and author of Patchwork Nation, has divided the country into 15 types of counties for the American Communities Project at American University, from the Big Cities to the African American South and the LDS Enclaves in the west.
Here’s his map:
And here’s how he defines each group:
African American South: Home to 16.7 million people, the 371 counties running from Virginia to Texas are more than 40 percent African American. The $35,561 median income is the poorest of the 15 county types.
Aging Farmlands: More than a quarter of the 576,000 people in the 161 counties clustered in the Dakotas south through the Great Plains are over 62 years old. They are overwhelmingly white, and overwhelmingly Republican; Mitt Romney won 68 percent of the vote here in 2012.
Big Cities: The 73.6 million people in the 46 largest counties in the country are some of the most diverse pockets of population in the country. More than a quarter are Hispanic, and nearly a fifth are African American. President Obama won 65 percent of the vote here in 2012.
College Towns: More than a third of the 17.9 million people in these 154 counties, clustered around college campuses outside big cities, have bachelor’s degrees or higher. They are less diverse than the nation as a whole, and a higher percentage are between 18 and 21 — college students — than in any other region.
Evangelical Hubs: 12.5 million people live in 373 counties mostly scattered through what Woodard called Greater Appalachia. They are 85 percent white, and just 15 percent of the population has a bachelor’s degree. Romney won 69 percent of the vote in an area where Democrats have a tough time making inroads.
Exurbs: The not-quite-suburban, not-quite-rural bedroom communities in 222 counties are home to 32 million quite wealthy people. The median household income is a healthy $63,000 a year, and they tend to remain more conservative than their suburban neighbors, Chinni says; Romney won the exurbs by 17 points.
Graying America: More of the 15.3 million residents in these 364 counties, scattered around the Mountain West and the northern border with Canada as far east as upper Maine, are over 62 than are under 18. Romney won 56 percent of the vote in these counties in 2012.
Hispanic Centers: Chinni’s name for what Woodard called El Norte, the heavily Hispanic 161 counties mostly in the Southwest, which 11.5 million people call home, are much younger than the national average. Republicans used to win these counties handily, but with the growing number of Hispanics in the voter pool, they are turning increasingly purple.
LDS Enclaves: The vast majority of the 3 million people living in 41 counties in and around Utah are white, and young. More than three in ten residents are under 18, and nine in ten are white. Romney performed better here than in any other type of county, hitting 74 percent of the vote.
Middle Suburbs: About 16.3 million people live around big cities in the Northeast and Midwest. They tend to be less wealthy and less well-educated than suburbs closer to the big cities. These regions swung narrowly from Obama in 2008 to Romney in 2012.
Military Posts: The concentration of troops and bases mean the 9.7 million people who live in these 89 counties are younger and more diverse than they might otherwise be. They are also more educated than the average county; Romney won by 14 points here in 2012.
Native American Lands: More than half the 695,000 people who live in 42 counties, mostly in the West, are Native Americans. They have the lowest percentage of whites, according to the Census Bureau, and their average household incomes are significantly lower than the national average.
Rural Middle America: The 21.5 million people in these 599 counties live everywhere from Upstate New York to Minnesota’s Iron Range. They are heavily white, they live in small towns, and they are not as reliant on agriculture as other rural counties.
Urban Suburbs: The 66.2 million people in 106 counties just outside most major cities are starting to look like their more urban brethren. Seventy percent are white, and Hispanics make up a growing percentage of the population base. They are the wealthiest type of community, and they’re increasingly liberal: President Obama won here by 16 points.
Working Class Country: About 8.5 million people live in 337 counties that are among the most white (94 percent) and the poorest in the country. Many of these counties are rural outposts in Appalachia, though they dot the Ozarks and parts of the Smoky Mountains, too.
The designations are useful in explaining election results. Last week, Chinni used his figures to demonstrate how Democrat Terry McAuliffe won the Virginia governor’s race by running up big margins in urban suburbs around Washington and Richmond, and in heavily African American communities in the southern part of the Commonwealth. Republican Ken Cuccinelli did best in the Working Class Country counties along the West Virginia border and in Rural Middle America, where he scored nearly two-thirds of the vote.
Cuccinelli’s positions on social issues, Chinni wrote, have become a liability in the urban suburbs in Northern Virginia, which bodes ill for Republicans.
Check out his work at the American Communities Project here.
Source of article: Reid Wilson covers national politics and Congress for The Washington Post. He is the author of Read In, The Post’s morning tip sheet on politics.
Types Of Community And Activity Within The Community
The type of community changes what happens in the community.
A common mistake is not to align what happens in the community with its type.
Before we begin, let’s be clear about what we mean by community. We mean a group of people that have developed relationships around a strong common interest. The community category is the category of that common interest.
Building healthier cities and communities involves local people working together to transform the conditions and outcomes that matter to them. That civic work demands an array of core competencies, such as community assessment, planning, community mobilization, intervention, advocacy, evaluation, and marketing successful efforts. Supporting this local and global work requires widespread and easy access to these community-building skills. However, these skills are not always learned, nor are they commonly taught either in formal or informal education. The internet can provide an effective means for transmitting skill-building resources broadly and inexpensively. The following link will take you take a website that is a free resource for building healthier communities called the Community Tool Box.